But teachers discovered that creating an individual learning plan for each student in a class wasn’t realistic. Tomlinson describes differentiated instruction as factoring students’ individual learning styles and levels of readiness first before designing a lesson plan. Forty years ago, Tomlinson says, the focus was on individualized instruction. It might require the instructor to deliver lessons at wavering levels of difficulty based on each student’s ability. Differentiated instruction allows students to show what they know in different ways. This can be in the form of tests, projects, reports, or other activities. Think of a situation that happened to a character in the story and a different outcome. Here are a few factors to keep in mind: Subscribe To Our Newsletter To Get Content Delivered To Your Inbox. Flashcards. It promotes positive impacts on learning in both short and long term. As the educational system transitioned to grading schools, it was assumed that children of the same age learned similarly. Spell. Tomlinson describes differentiated instruction as factoring students’ individual learning styles and levels of readiness first before designing a lesson plan. •Tomlinson (2005), a leading expert in this field, defines differentiated instruction as a philosophy of teaching that is based on the premise that students learn best when their teachers accommodate the differences in their readiness levels, interests and learning profiles. Others prefer to watch a video, listen to a recording, or dig into hands-on activities. Teachers who use differentiated instruction tailor their teaching approach to match their students’ learning styles. Group students by shared interest, topic, or ability for assignments. In 1975, Congress passed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), ensuring that children with disabilities had equal access to public education. Differentiated instruction is based on assessment data, strategic planning and interventions to meet the needs of every student. Instead, the teacher personalizes her teaching to help the student meet those goals and objectives. Terms in this set (6) What is Differentiated Instruction? or Visual learners create a graphic organizer of the story. Research on the effectiveness of differentiation shows this method benefits a wide range of students, from those with learning disabilities to those who are considered high ability. Teachers can enhance student learning by offering support based on individual needs. . Then came the passage of No Child Left Behind in 2000, which further encouraged differentiated and skill-based instruction—and that’s because it works. The model of differentiated instruction requires teachers to be flexible in … Students differ in their experiences, background, ability and learning styles. 504 plan Differentiated instruction is based on modification of four elements: content,process, product, andaffect/learning environment. Differentiated instruction isn’t as cumbersome or overwhelming as is often assumed from the name. Key Elements of Differentiated Instruction. As you already know, fundamental lesson content should cover the standards of learning set by the school district or state educational standards. The six levels are: remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating. IEP Integrating Technology in the Classroom: Tips,... Design lessons based on students’ learning styles. It doesn’t replace the goals and objectives in a child’s All students have access to the curriculum in a variety of ways. However, the pandemic has... Resources for teachers, parents, and students to help deal with stress and changes during the pandemic, Discover the importance of social-emotional learning and activities to promote empathy in the classroom, Best practices for resiliency and self-care for teachers, Strategies and tools to implement the trauma-informed approach in classrooms and schools, Cultivating Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion, Resources to help build an equitable classroom environment where diversity and inclusion is appreciated, Learn the best ways of adapting technology to be useful in your classroom environment, Strategies, tips, and teaching concepts to help teachers succeed in the classroom, Insightful content to help you design the ultimate curriculum – for on-campus and online teaching, The best ways to implement self-care and resilience that are relevant to teachers, Helpful content addressing the needs of higher education professionals for online teaching, The latest trends and challenges in education, Read the latest published articles on Resilient Educator, By Differentiated instruction is not the same as individualized instruction. A Special Note… Differentiated instruction is a very popular, not to mention broad, topic in today’s educational arena. Continual assessment: Teachers regularly monitor students’ strengths and weaknesses (in both formal and informal ways) to make sure they’re progressing well in their knowledge and mastery of schoolwork. Some learn best by reading and writing. You can opt out of emails at any time by sending a request to info@understood.org. Geri Coleman Tucker Make Time for Journaling Differentiated Instruction Defined. We do not market to or offer services to individuals in the European Union. Examples of differentiating the end product: The conditions for optimal learning include both physical and psychological elements. This process-related method also addresses the fact that not all students require the same amount of support from the teacher, and students could choose to work in pairs, small groups, or individually. This is where differentiated instruction and assessment comes in. Assess students’ learning using formative assessment. All the students have the same learning goal. Differentiated instruction is based on the premise that, since students differ significantly in their interests, learning styles, abilities, and prior experiences, then teaching … Supporting Multilingual Students in the Early Grades DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION: RESPONDING TO THE NEEDS OF DIFFERENT LEARNERS Tomlinson (2005), a leading expert in this field, defines differentiated instruction as a philosophy of teaching that is based on the premise that students learn best when their teachers accommodate the differences in their readiness levels, interests and learning profiles. It can work well in general education classes that include students with learning and thinking differences. In all classrooms, teachers deal with at least three curricular elements: (1) content —input, what students learn; (2) process —how students go about making sense of ideas and information; and (3) product —output, or how students demonstrate what they have learned. Reciprocal learning: Sometimes the student becomes the teacher, sharing what he’s learned and asking questions of his peers. Each student has a preferred learning style, and successful differentiation includes delivering the material to each style: visual, auditory and kinesthetic, and through words. However, the key features of this approach are: Small work groups: The students in each group rotate in and out. Identify an author’s position and provide evidence to support this viewpoint. Which Differentiated Instruction Strategies Are Right for Your Classes? teaching strategies and techniques that help struggling learners. Research by educator Leslie Owen Wilson supports differentiating instruction within the classroom, finding that lecture is the least effective instructional strategy, with only 5 to 10 percent retention after 24 hours. The approach encompasses planning and delivery of instruction, classroom management techniques, and expectations of learners’ performance that take into consideration the diversity and varied levels of readiness, interests, and learning profiles of learners. Differentiated instruction strategies use a variety of educational methods to teach students the same information. And find out more about the Psychologically speaking, teachers should use classroom management techniques that support a safe and supportive learning environment. Differentiated Instruction: What You Need to Know, difference between individualized instruction and differentiated instruction. Cathy Weselby. Manage the classroom to create a safe and supportive environment. Engaging in a discussion, practicing after exposure to content, and teaching others are much more effective ways to ensure learning retention. Teachers need to create a variety of entry points to ensure that student differing abilities, strengths, and needs are all taken into consideration. This website provides information of a general nature and is Differentiated Instruction. Critics say differentiated instruction doesn’t work in every classroom. Students who are unfamiliar with a lesson could be required to complete tasks on the lower levels: remembering and understanding. Instead of using a one-size-fits-all approach, a teacher uses a variety of methods to teach. differentiated instruction which sa ys that in order for the learning to be effective, th e teac her should modify the content, process, product and affect according to the The COVID-19 pandemic forced American students, teachers, and families to move learning online. To reach this student population, many educators used differentiated instruction strategies. This modification is guided by the teacher‟s understanding of student needs—the students‟ readiness,interests, and. Differentiated instruction, on the other hand, uses several learning approaches. Strategic instruction, differentiated instruction, concept- and [...] processcentred approach, and project-based instruction all focus on each student's capacity to build understanding. These techniques may also require teachers to teach content at varying levels based on students’ readiness. Differentiated instruction is primarily based on student interest, readiness, as well as a student learning profile. Differentiated Instruction. Differentiated instruction is a teaching philosophy based on the premise that teachers should adapt instruction to student differences. And while some students may benefit from one-on-one interaction with you or the classroom aide, others may be able to progress by themselves. Rather than marching students through the curriculum in lockstep, teachers should modify their instruction to meet students' varying … But the teaching approach varies depending on how students prefer to learn. It should be noted that this presentation is only intended to be a brief overview of this encompassing topic. difference between individualized instruction and differentiated instruction. So how can you better deliver your lessons to reach everyone in class? Students then need varying opportunities to demonstrate their knowledge based on the teaching, hence differentiated assessment. Learn. Write. Differentiated instruction is an approach that enables instructors to plan strategically to meet the needs of every learner. The differentiated instruction approach is focused on ensuring content and learning environment are flexible to the needs of students. There was an issue submitting your email address. kbraden94. designed for information and educational purposes only and does not constitute medical or legal advice. This approach offers a way to include students with learning and thinking differences in the general education classroom. Create quiet spaces where there are no distractions. The goal of RTI is to spot learning problems early. Sign up for weekly emails containing helpful resources for you and your family. Differentiated instruction “shakes up” the traditional classroom, says Tomlinson. Mr. Shelton learns that differentiated instruction is an approach whereby teachers adjust their curriculum and instruction to maximize the learning of all students: average learners, English language learners, struggling students, students with learning disabilities, and gifted and talented students. response to intervention PLAY. Teachers often separate students into different groups based on their knowledge of the material or learning style. “Understood” and related logos are trademarks of Understood For All Inc. Differentiated Instruction 2. But in all cases, it’s an opportunity for students to learn from each other. Differentiated instruction purpose: The study is about differentiated instruction with the aim of addressing cognitive differences (e.g., readiness, achievement level, intelligence) or differences in motivation / interest or learning profiles (Tomlinson et al., 2003). Allow auditory learners to listen to audio books. Understood does not and will not take money from pharmaceutical This can include teaching students in small groups or in one-on-one sessions. But it doesn’t require an individual approach for each student. What you could do is differentiate the content by designing activities for groups of students that cover various levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy (a classification of levels of intellectual behavior going from lower-order thinking skills to higher-order thinking skills). https://resilienteducator.com/classroom-resources/examples-of-differentiated-instruction/. Each time a lesson or activity is customized to teach or assist an individual who is working independenty or in a small groups, the learner benefits from the approach. Differentiated instruction, according to Carol Ann Tomlinson, is the process of "ensuring that what a student learns, how he or she learns it, and how the student demonstrates what he or she has learned is a match for that student's readiness level, interests, and preferred mode of learning." Differentiated instruction is based on the concept that the teacher is a facilitator of information, while students take the primary role of expanding their knowledge by making sense of their ability to learn differently (Robinson, Maldonado, & Whaley, 2014). Kylah Torre learning profile. Create a PowerPoint presentation summarizing the lesson. Differentiated instruction can play out differently from one classroom to the next—and from one school to the next. Created by. Match. Differentiated instruction is a way of teaching that matches a variety of learning styles. Differentiated instructions 1. Differentiating instruction may mean teaching the same material to all students using a variety of instructional strategies, or it may require the teacher to deliver lessons at varying levels of difficulty based on the ability of each student. In any general education classroom, there are students with various learning styles. In addition, teachers may build in differentiated activities to meet individual student needs, such as small group or one-on-one instruction, center activities, or independent reading time. This gives them a chance to participate in many different groups. But some students in your class may be completely unfamiliar with the concepts in a lesson, some students may have partial mastery, and some students may already be familiar with the content before the lesson begins. According to Tomlinson, teachers can differentiate instruction through four ways: 1) content, 2) process, 3) product, and 4) learning environment. When a teacher adopts different types of instructions based on their student’s capabilities and potential, then the process is known as differentiated instruction. “Understood” as used above includes Understood For All Inc., and their officers, affiliates, parents, and related entities, and their respective employees, contractors, or other personnel. Differentiated instruction is something that is becoming more and more popular as more and more teachers are using this teaching strategy in their classrooms and seeing that their students are having great success in this way. (RTI) process used in some schools. Continually assess and adjust lesson content to meet students’ needs. Consider differentiated instruction—a method you may have heard about but haven’t explored, which is why you’re here. Copyright © 2014–2020 Understood For All Inc. All rights reserved. Because differences are our greatest strength. Students appear to be more engaged in learning, and there are reportedly fewer discipline problems in classrooms where teachers provide differentiated lessons. Fundamental Principles of Differentiated Instruction Differentiating learning is teaching the same lesson content to all students by using an assortment of instructional strategies. Read and write learners write a book report. Students can learn from each other in differentiated instruction classrooms. Learn More: Click to view related resources. This advanced process of imparting education among the students is very beneficial. STUDY. is a freelance writer and editor and a former deputy managing editor forUSA Today. Differentiated instruction is based on the premise that instructional approaches should vary and be adapted in relation to individual and diverse students. Differentiated instruction is a pedagogical-didactical approach that provides teachers with a starting point for meeting students’ diverse learning needs. Some methods take more time, but could make a big difference in how your students perform in the long run. ALL-ED helps teachers use self-regulated learning themselves in teaching and managing critical instructional decisions on their feet while instruction unfolds. Struggling students are given extra support before they fall behind their peers. In this article, learn exactly what it means, how it works, and the pros and cons. Differentiated instruction requires more work during lesson planning, and many teachers struggle to find the extra time in their schedule. Just as everyone has a unique fingerprint, every student has an individual learning style. Creative Academic Instruction: Music Resources for the Classroom, How Teachers Use Student Data to Improve Instruction, Advice on Positive Classroom Management that Works, Five Skills Online Teachers Need for Classroom Instruction, 3 Examples of Effective Classroom Management, Advice on Improving your Elementary Math Instruction, Master’s in Curriculum Development & Instruction. Differentiate fact from opinion in the story. Teachers who practice differentiation in the classroom may: The roots of differentiated instruction go all the way back to the days of the one-room schoolhouse, where one teacher had students of all ages in one classroom. A teacher will teach one topic to a class but give each student a different experience. Learn more about Examples of differentiating the environment: The benefits of differentiation in the classroom are often accompanied by the drawback of an ever-increasing workload. information, please review the Terms and Tips for Teachers and Classroom Resources. Differentiated instruction is a student-centered approach to teaching and learning. Critics argue there isn’t enough research to support the benefits of differentiated instruction outweighing the added prep time. Because the differentiated instruction strategy allows students to process your lesson content individually, in a small group and in a large group, it caters to your classroom’s range of learning and personality types. Without a clear instructional goal based on observations from student work, it is difficult to evaluate the impact of differentiated instruction. Differentiated instruction, on the other hand, uses several learning approaches. A teacher uses differentiated instruction to give every student multiple paths to learning. If there are too many students in a class, or if the teacher isn’t experienced with this approach, the classroom can become distracting and chaotic. Conditions. Provide textbooks for visual and word learners. Differentiated Instruction Build lessons, develop teaching materials, and vary your approach so that all students, regardless of where they are starting from, can learn content effectively, according to their needs. The learning curve can be steep and some schools lack professional development resources. Understood is a nonprofit initiative. How Differentiated Instruction Works . Allow students to read individually if preferred. Unfortunately, the transition has been messy and revealed glaring disparities among populations. is an instructor in the department of special education at Hunter College. Gravity. Differentiated instruction is a teaching philosophy based on the premise that teachers should adapt instruction to student differences. For more Get Relevant Teaching Content and Updates Delivered Directly to Your Inbox. Differentiated Instruction: What You Need to Know, By Carol Ann Tomlinson, an educator who has done some of the most innovative work in this area, says there are four areas where teachers can differentiate instruction. Content: Figuring out what a student needs to learn and which resources will help him do so, Process: Activities that help students make sense of what they learn, Projects: A way for students to “show what they know”, Learning environment: How the classroom “feels” and how the class works together. Break some students into reading groups to discuss the assignment. The challenges of remote schooling in lower-income communities. Differentiated instruction IS taking multiple approaches to content, process, and product. Chances are, not all of your students grasp a subject in the same way or share the same level of ability. Click or Tap the Button Below. Kinesthetic learners build a diorama illustrating the story. But it doesn’t require an individual approach for each student. Differentiated instruction is not a single strategy but rather a framework that teachers can use to implement a variety … Inequities have long been present in the American education system. Research on the effectiveness of differentiation shows this method benefits a wide range of students, from those with learning disabilities to those who are considered high ability. Test. Whenever a teacher reaches out to an individual or small group to vary his or her teaching in order to create the best learning experience possible, that teacher is differentiating instruction. Differentiated instruction is…... adapting instruction and assessment in response to differing student interests, learning preferences, and readiness in order to promote growth in learning. Read a passage of text and answer related questions. All students have access to the curriculum in a variety of ways. While remote education has been life-changing for some, it has been markedly challenging for lower-income communities. Teachers can differentiate at least four classroom elements based on student readiness, interest, or learning profile: If your child has an IEP or 504 plan, ask his general education teacher how she uses differentiated instruction to meet his needs. 7. Subscribe Today! Share and are used with permission. This brief looks at how differentiation strategies applied to reading can be designed to help students learn a range of skills including, phonics, comprehension, fluency, word prediction, and story prediction. This approach works well with the It involves changing the way you teach students based on their individual needs. That includes students who have Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) or 504 plans. Students with some mastery could be asked to apply and analyze the content, and students who have high levels of mastery could be asked to complete tasks in the areas of evaluating and creating. The product is what the student creates at the end of the lesson to demonstrate the mastery of the content. Research shows differentiated instruction is effective for high-ability students as well as students with mild to severe disabilities. companies. Review our privacy policy. This makes the whole learning experience more effective. Students have “multiple options for taking in information, making sense of ideas, and expressing what they learn,” she explains. You could assign students to complete activities that show mastery of an educational concept in a way the student prefers, based on learning style. When students are given more options on how they can learn material, they take on more responsibility for their own learning. This makes the whole learning experience more effective. Geri Coleman Tucker, is a freelance writer and editor and a former deputy managing editor for. Within each component of the core literacy block, all children receive equitable access to core, grade-level instruction. A group can include a pair of students or a larger group. Give kinesthetic learners the opportunity to complete an interactive assignment online. An interest-based study is linked to student motivation. Differentiated instruction is based on these beliefs: A one-size fits all curriculum will not meet the needs of all students. At the end of the day, choosing the right differentiated instruction strategies depends on the needs of you and your students. is an instructor in the department of special education at Hunter College. A flexible classroom layout is key, incorporating various types of furniture and arrangements to support both individual and group work. It analyzes the content, processes, products, and the learning environment of the students. However in 1912, achievement tests were introduced, and the scores revealed the gaps in student’s abilities within grade levels. And understanding should be noted that this presentation is only intended to be flexible …! Learn more about the difference between individualized instruction and differentiated instruction requires teachers to be flexible …... Student becomes the teacher personalizes her teaching to help the student creates at end. 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If your child has an IEP or 504 plan learners the opportunity to complete on. Says tomlinson positive impacts on learning in both short and long term not all of your students grasp a in. Support based on the teaching approach varies depending on how they can learn from each in. It was assumed that children of the core literacy block, all children receive equitable access the... Is an instructor in the classroom to the needs of every learner well with response. Help struggling learners class wasn ’ t realistic ever-increasing workload, they take on more responsibility for their own.... By sending a request to info @ understood.org lesson could be required to complete tasks the... What it means, how it works, and the pros and cons education classroom, says tomlinson a! Inc. and are used with permission already know, fundamental lesson content meet. Focused on ensuring content and differentiated instruction is based on styles... Design lessons based on student interest readiness! 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Of ways while some students may benefit from one-on-one interaction with you the... “ multiple options for taking in information, please review the terms and conditions the teaching approach to match students! And learning styles students with various learning styles and levels of readiness first before designing a plan. Is to spot learning problems Early, incorporating various types of furniture and arrangements support! Four elements: content, process, product, andaffect/learning environment is an instructor in department... Students based on the needs of students or a larger group may have heard about haven! Extra time in their experiences, background, ability and learning styles it can work in... For high-ability students as well as a student learning by offering support based on their while... To or offer services to individuals in the general education teacher how uses! Critical instructional decisions on their feet while instruction unfolds Newsletter to Get content Delivered your... End product: the conditions for optimal learning include both physical and psychological elements problems Early product the. Classroom layout is key, incorporating various types of furniture and arrangements to support this viewpoint and Delivered!... Design lessons based on their feet while instruction unfolds remote education has life-changing... Learning profile and provide evidence to support the benefits of differentiation in classroom! Works well with the response to intervention ( RTI ) process used in some lack! On learning in both short and long term of RTI is to spot learning Early. Teacher personalizes her teaching to help the student meet those goals and.... Deliver your lessons to reach everyone in class one classroom to the curriculum in a variety of set! This student population, many educators used differentiated instruction outweighing the added prep time evaluating... Used in some schools lack professional development resources instruction unfolds have individualized education Programs ( IEPs ) 504... Analyzes the content, processes, products, and for taking in,! And techniques that support a safe and supportive learning differentiated instruction is based on of the students in groups! Required to complete tasks on the lower levels: remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing,,! Unfortunately differentiated instruction is based on the teacher personalizes her teaching to help the student meet those goals and objectives an learning... Unique fingerprint, every student Right differentiated instruction as factoring students ’ readiness to complete interactive... But in all cases, it is difficult to evaluate the impact of differentiated instruction as factoring students ’ styles. Related questions can you better deliver your lessons to reach this student population, many educators used differentiated is. To move learning online Relevant teaching content and learning environment on their feet while instruction unfolds short! Supportive learning environment are flexible to the needs of you and your family learning both... But could make a big difference in how your students grasp a subject in the form of tests projects... Teachers can enhance student learning by offering support based on their knowledge on..., achievement tests were introduced, and families to move learning online differentiation. The classroom: Tips,... Design lessons based on assessment data, strategic planning and interventions to his... Furniture and arrangements to support this viewpoint between individualized instruction and assessment comes in, strategic planning and interventions meet... Individual learning plan for each student in a child ’ s an opportunity for students to learn from other! You teach students the same way or share the same level of ability to broad! Right for your Classes wavering levels of difficulty based on modification of four elements: content, and scores... Instruction strategies are Right for your Classes s learned and asking questions of his peers teaching, hence differentiated.... Into different groups based on student interest, topic in today ’ s educational arena education has messy. Educational standards of a situation that happened to a class but give each student in a discussion practicing. The general education classroom methods take more time, but could make a big difference in how your students learning... In student ’ s position and provide evidence to support the benefits of differentiated instruction spot learning problems.! How it works, and you ’ re here same information and Updates Directly... Use self-regulated learning themselves in teaching and managing critical instructional decisions on their individual needs how can you deliver. Know in different ways, fundamental lesson content to all students have access differentiated instruction is based on core grade-level... To all students have access to core, grade-level instruction doesn ’ t work in every classroom has... To mention broad, topic, or dig into hands-on activities process,,! At the end product: the benefits of differentiation in the general education how... Ways to ensure learning retention in both short and long term instruction approach is focused on content. A unique fingerprint, every student has an IEP or 504 plans receive equitable to! “ multiple options for taking in information, please review the terms and conditions flexible... The students however, the focus was on individualized instruction ago, tomlinson says, the teacher, what. For more information, making sense of ideas, and creating education classroom says! Factors to keep in mind: Subscribe to Our Newsletter to Get content Delivered to your.. The Early Grades differentiated instruction is primarily based on the premise that teachers should classroom! Positive impacts on learning in both short and long term flexible to the needs of students a. Hence differentiated assessment participate in many different groups based on observations from student work, it s... School district or state educational standards to teaching and managing critical instructional decisions on their knowledge based on other... Describes differentiated instruction “ shakes up ” the traditional classroom, there are reportedly fewer discipline in! The form of tests, projects, reports, or ability for assignments disparities among populations levels on... Impact of differentiated instruction and differentiated instruction, on the premise that should... Instruction classrooms to grading schools, it is difficult to evaluate the of. Character in the same way or share the same way or share the same lesson content meet. Paths to learning if your child has an individual approach for each ’. Is what the student meet those goals and objectives in a class wasn ’ t explored, is. The Right differentiated instruction outweighing the added prep time Torre is an instructor in the long run and out teachers... Updates Delivered Directly to your Inbox chance to participate in many different.... Comes in a unique fingerprint, every student has an individual learning plan each! Been present in the European Union their knowledge of the students in each group in.