cons. En classification phylogénétique APG II (2003), cette famille est optionnelle : ces plantes peuvent aussi être incluses dans les Alliacées. Region: Central Africa. 3, Part 2. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 16 novembre 2020 à 15:39. The position of the ovary varies by subfamily, the Agapanthoideae and Allioideae have superior ovaries, while the Amaryllidoideae have inferior ovaries. Elgorashi et al. The tribe Amaryllideae is primarily South African, and Haemantheae and Cyrtantheae are also African, while the Calostemmateae are Australasian. [62] Fay and Chase's study lacked sufficient resolution for further elucidation of this group. The Amaryllidaceae are mainly terrestrial (rarely aquatic) flowering plants that are herbaceous or succulent geophytes (occasionally epiphytes) that are perennial, with the exception of four species. Pot 3 Pot Package 5 Pot Package Save 60%. Current Students; Prospective Students; Alumni & Friends Lindley placed the Liliaceae within the Liliales, but saw it as a paraphyletic ("catch-all") family, being all Liliales not included in the other orders, but hoped that the future would reveal some characteristic that would group them better. Les Bucoliques. In some genera, such as Narcissus, this may be surmounted by cup or trumpet shaped projection, the corona (paraperigonium or false corolla). Rank: Genus. According to Meerow and Snijman (1998), Amaryllidaceae is about 800 species in 59 genera. Cape tulip, any plant of the genus Haemanthus of the family Amaryllidaceae, consisting of about 50 species of ornamental South African herbs. The Allieae included both Agapantheae,[39] the third of the current subfamilies, and Lindley's Gilliesieae[40] as two of its four subtribes. The American clade also included an Andean clade[10], Further investigation of the American clade suggested the presence of two groups, the Andean clade and a further "Hippeastroid" clade, in which Griffineae was sister to the rest of the clade (Hippeastreae). Cette famille comprend de nombreuses plantes ornementales comme l'amaryllis. The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the amaryllis family. At the same time, they appreciated an argument existed for making Amaryllidaceae s.l. Amaryllis belladonna 2. Similarly within the Andean clade Eustephieae appeared as sister to the remaining clade, including Hymenocallideae. [78], Amaryllidaceae are a cosmopolitan family, whose distribution is pantropical to subtropical, but infrafamilial relationships are related to geographical considerations. Keys to genera and species, descriptions, photographs, geographical distribution and ecological data are provided. Amaryllidaceae, F.N. The leaves are simple rather fleshy and two-ranked with parallel veins. Selon NCBI (16 avr. Hickey and King described ten tribes by which the family were divided, such as the Zephyrantheae. [58] Agapanthus had variously been included in Alliaceae or was placed in a separate family, Agapanthaceae. Find Info For. The perianth (perigonium) consists of six undifferentiated tepals arranged in two whorls of three. Since then, seven of Linnaeus' Hexandria monogynia genera have consistently been placed in a common taxonomic unit of amaryllids, based on the inferior position of the ovaries (whether this be as an order, suborder, family, subfamily, tribe or section). .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, As reconstituted by the APG, Amaryllidaceae s.l. Les Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllidacées) forment une famille de plantes monocotylédones appartenant à l'ordre des Asparagales. Genera see text Amaryllidaceae is the botanical name of a family of flowering plants, sometimes plants in this family are described as amaryllid in the vernacular. noun snowdrop; narcissus; daffodil; in some classification systems considered a subfamily of the Liliaceae • Syn: ↑family Amaryllidaceae, ↑amaryllis family • Hypernyms: ↑liliid monocot family • Member Holonyms: ↑Liliales, ↑ DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x Reference page. Subfaimilies Agapanthoideae; Allioideae; Amaryllidoideae; The Amaryllidaceae are a faimily o herbaceous, perennial an bulbous flouerin plants includit in the monocot order Asparagales. 354 have studied 25 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids for possible inhibitory activity of their acetylcholinesterase enzyme (AChE). The Eurasian clade was poorly resolved with the exception of Lycorideae (Central and East Asian). The Liliaceae would be reduced to a small 'core' represented by the tribe Tulipeae (18 genera), while large groups such Scilleae and Asparagae would become part of Asparagales either as part of the Amaryllidaceae or as separate families. 1 49.399 48.165 50.588 Asparagaceae 2 49.399 48.165 50.588 Amaryllidaceae 3 41.932 34.549 47.605 Allium 4 22.184 15.232 34.812 Allium (Line 1) 5 19.655 13.491 31.145 Allium (Line 2–Line 3) 6 54.225 50.408 60.443 Asphodelaceae 7 62.724 58.043 67.976 Iridaceae 8 74.633 70.766 78.327 Les Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllidacées) forment une famille de plantes monocotylédones appartenant à l'ordre des Asparagales. Amaryllidaceae species are considered more advanced in evolution than the lilies. A few species have white flowers. Les alcaloïdesisoquinoléiques sont caractéristiques de la famille. Just better. Purdue system wide search. This uncertainty of circumscription reflected a wider problem with the petaloid monocots in general. Selon Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (16 mars 2013)[2] : Selon DELTA Angio (16 mars 2013)[3] : Selon Tropicos (16 mars 2013)[4] (Attention liste brute contenant possiblement des synonymes) : Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. pH: 6-7.5. La classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) inclut dans cette famille les genres précédemment placés dans les familles Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, notamment les genres Agapanthus et Galanthus. Some also display a corona. [71] Hutchinson was an early proponent of the larger Amaryllidaceae, transferring taxa from Liliaceae and had three tribes, Agapantheae, Allieae and Gilliesieae. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Les Amaryllidacées sont distribuée… The Amaryllidaceae … Find Info For . Most species have dense clusters of red flowers and broad, blunt leaves that are grouped at the base of the plant. Les plantes de la famille des amaryllidacées représentent environ huit cent plantes principalement herbacées et vivaces, ce sont des végétaux monocotylédones ayant des fleurs bisexuées. Historically a wide variety of infrafamilial classification systems have been proposed for the Amaryllidaceae. Links . This enzyme is biologically very important. The petals and sepals are undifferentiated as tepals, which may be fused at the base into a floral tube. Cette famille comprend de nombreuses plantes ornementales comme l'amaryllis. Amaryllidacées, Amarylladacées, Amaryllidées. A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. [13] De Jussieu established the hierarchical system of taxonomy (phylogeny), placing Amaryllis and 15 related genera within a division of monocotyledons, a class (III) of Stamina Perigynia[14] and 'order' Narcisse, divided into three subfamilies. In their system, Amaryllidaceae was redefined to include some distantly related genera, and placed in Aspar- agales. The American clade includes the Hippeastreae, Eustephieae and Zephyranthinae.[10]. Over time, it has seen much reorganisation and at various times was combined with the related Liliaceae. [18] In 1810 Brown proposed that a subgroup of Liliaceae be distinguished on the basis of the position of their ovaries (inferior) and be referred to as Amaryllideae[19] and in 1813 de Candolle described Liliacées Juss. But Amaryllidaceae differs from Liliaceae in having inferior ovary, umbellate cyme inflorescence and presence of corona. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. Find Info For. Cette famille compte plus de 800 espèces réparties en une soixantaine de genres, dont plusieurs sont cultivés pour leur intérêt ornemental, tels que les Narcisses (Narcissus) ou les Amaryllis (genres Amaryllis et Hippeastrum). Hexandria monogynia has come to be treated as either liliaceous or amaryllidaceaous (see Taxonomy of Liliaceae) over time. Cultivar d'Hippeastrum, l'« Amaryllis »des fleuristes 3. The most recent APG classification, APG III, takes a broad view of the Amaryllidaceae, which then has three subfamilies, one of which is Amaryllidoideae, and the others are Allioideae and Agapanthoideae. PDF | An account of the 10 genera and 35 species of the family Amaryllidaceae is provided for the Flora Zambesiaca area. consists of three subfamilies, Agapanthoideae, Allioideae, and Amaryllidoideae, corresponding to the three families that were subsumed into it:[66]. Co2: Recommended Propagation: Daughter bulbs. La frontière entre ces familles est parois remise en cause, selon les critères morphologiques que l’on choisit : ainsi parfois les Allium, Brodieae et Agapanthus (Alliacées) sont parfois reclassées parmi les Amaryllidacées. 1 49.399 48.165 50.588 Asparagaceae 2 49.399 48.165 50.588 Amaryllidaceae 3 41.932 34.549 47.605 Allium 4 22.184 15.232 34.812 Allium (Line 1) 5 19.655 13.491 31.145 Allium (Line 2–Line 3) 6 54.225 50.408 60.443 Asphodelaceae 7 62.724 58.043 67.976 Iridaceae 8 74.633 70.766 78.327 Select; Size. pp. [12] of his scheme, in which the Liliaceae had eight sections. Although Charles Darwin's Origin of Species (1859) preceded Bentham and Hooker's publication, the latter project was commenced much earlier and Bentham was initially sceptical of Darwinism. The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem. Character-state mapping was used to infer a center of ... (1985) restructured the classification of monocoty- ledons integrating morphological, cytological, and chemical characters. He divided the former, often referred to as petaloid monocots, into 32 orders, including the Amaryllideae. Live Statistics. A new tribe, Clinantheae was also identified in this group. Improved in 24 Hours. Griffineae is recognised as a distinct tribe within the Hippeastroid clade, and Stenomesseae is recognised as polyphyletic with two distinct types based on leaf shape (lorate-leafed and petiolate-leafed). The family Amaryllidaceae was formally named as 'Amaryllidées' (Amaryllideae) in 1805, by Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire. To distinguish this broader family from the older, narrower family, it has become customary to refer to Amaryllidaceae sensu APG, or as used by APG, Amaryllidaceae s.l.. as opposed to Amaryllidaceae s.s..[2][64], This phylogenetic tree (cladogram) shows the placement of Amaryllidaceae s.l. [29] Thus, much of what we now consider Amaryllidaceae remained in Liliaceae because the ovary was superior, till 1926 when John Hutchinson transferred them to Amaryllidaceae. to include the three sister families (Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae sensu stricto, s.s., and Amaryllidaceae), since together they form a monophyletic group. Select; Type. Golfball Large Cup HOT. According to their structures, the Amaryllidaceae alkaloids are classified into eight skeleton types (6), for which the representative alkaloids are: lycorine (1), galanthamine (2), tazettine (3), narciclasine (4), montanine (5), lycorenine (6), haemanthamine (7), and crinine (8) (Figure 2). [41] Bentham and Hooker's scheme was the last major classification using the natural approach.[42]. Architecture and Environmental Design; Art History Trompette de Méduse (Narcissus bulbocodium) cultivée 4. Class: Liliopsida. Genre Amaryllis L., 1753 Amaryllis est un genre de plantes à bulbes de la famille des Amaryllidaceae. the formal name of the new and larger family,[60][61] a position subsequently strongly supported by Meerow and colleagues. An account of the 10 genera and 35 species of the family Amaryllidaceae is provided for the Flora Zambesiaca area. Character state evolution in the Amaryllidaceae. 1888. Of these Liliaceae[27] was divided into eleven tribes (with 133 genera) and Amaryllidaceae[28] into four tribes (with 68 genera), yet both contained many genera that would eventually segregate to each other's contemporary orders (Liliales and Asparagales respectively). D'une Série linéaire et par conséquent artificielle, pour la disposition des familles naturelles du règne végetal p. 219, Endogenae, or Monocotyledonous Plants p. 251, Fam. This circumscription differs from the phylogenetic descriptions of Meerow and colleagues in several respects. Dried specimens and living specimens from the fields were examined. Most genera grow from bulbs, but a few such as Agapanthus, Clivia and Scadoxus develop from rhizomes (underground stems).[4]. 750, Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, Gilliesiaceae pp. Classification Browse Images ... sweetly scented; lobes about 4 cm long, obtuse; the upper 3 somewhat recurved; the lower 3 spreading, leaving the intermediate space free for the declinate stamens. Ovary ovate, acutely angled, 1.2 cm long, 1 cm in diameter. Meanwhile, Lindley had described two Chilean genera which for which he created a new family, Gilliesieae. [30] This usage of the family entered the English language literature through the work of Samuel Frederick Gray (1821),[31] William Herbert (1837)[32] and John Lindley (1830,[33] 1846[34]). The family is found in tropical to subtropical areas of the world and includes many ornamental garden plants and vegetables. Allyl sulfidecompo… The two other African tribes were Haemantheae and Cyrtantheae, and an Australasian tribe Calostemmateae was also identified, but a large clade could only be described as Eurasian and American, each of which were monophyletic sister clades to each other. We Also Recommend. Scientific classification; Kinrick: Plantae: Clade: Angiosperms: Clade: Monocots: Order: Asparagales: Faimily: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil. Size. 259–260; Liliaceae p. 279, Order XLVI Amaryllidaceae—Amaryllids pp. Members of the family have bulbs or underground stems, several strap- or lance-shaped leaves grouped at the base of the… Other writers proposed reuniting Amaryllidaceae with Liliaceae. 2006) into four tribes, Pancratieae, Narcisseae, Galantheae and Lycorideae. Nat. A predominantly South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group to the rest of the family. Amaryllidaceae, although bootstrap support for this was low. Current Students; Prospective Students; Alumni & Friends [16][17] In creating his scheme, De Jussieu used a modified form of Linnaeus' sexual classification, but with the respective topography of stamens to carpels rather than just their numbers. The lorate-leafed species of the type genus of Stenomesseae, Stemomesson, were transferred to a new tribe, Clinantheae as sister to Hymenocallideae in the Andean clade. In Dahlgren's system, a "splitter" who favoured larger numbers of smaller families, he adopted a narrower circumscription than Traub, using only the latter's Amaryllidoideae which he treated as eight tribes. Provided by: .e-Flora of South Africa; Source: [. The family, which was originally created in 1805, now contains about 1600 species, divided into about 75 genera,[3] 17 tribes and three subfamilies, the Agapanthoideae (agapanthus), Allioideae (onions and chives) and Amaryllidoideae (amaryllis, daffodils, snowdrops). classification phylogénétique APG II (2003), classification phylogénétique APG III (2009), Virgile. These relationships are summarised in the following cladogram: Publication of the third version of the APG classification and acceptance of Amaryllidaceae s.l. Division: Magnoliophyta. The current phylogenetic era of understanding the taxonomic relationships of Amaryllidaceae began with the work of Fay and Chase (1996) who used the plastid gene rubisco rbcL to identify the close relationship between Agapanthus, Alliaceae, and Amaryllidaceae. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales.The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the amaryllis family. [72], The Eurasian clade was also further resolved (for historical treatment, see Table I Meerow et al. Two genera and six species are indigenous to Thailand; five species of Crinum L. and one of Proiphys (L.) Herb. Of these, one (Agapanthoideae) is monogeneric for Agapanthus (see Cladogram I). 371 placed attention on the relatively lower toxicity of alkaloids in the flower buds. Les alcaloïdes isoquinoléiques sont caractéristiques de la famille. HOT. The Amaryllidaceae include many ornamental garden plants such as daffodils, snowdrops and snowflake, pot plants such as amaryllis and Clivia, and vegetables, such as onions, chives, leeks and garlic. Amaryllis is cultivated for its beautiful and colorful flowers. A taxonomy of Thai Amaryllidaceae is revised. The AGP II listed both classifications as options. Fam. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales. J.St.-Hil. The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem. The tepals are similar in shape and size, and may be free from each other or fused at the base (connate) to form a floral tube (hypanthium). This leads to discussions of, for instance American Amaryllidaceae. Anubias Nana Petite. [21] Gray used a combination of Linnaeus' sexual classification and Jussieu's natural classification to group together a number of families having in common six equal stamens, a single style and a perianth that was simple and petaloid, but did not use formal names for these higher ranks. Amaryllidaceae. 1999, Table I). Their economic importance lies in floriculture for cut flowers and bulbs, and commercial vegetable production. [51] This approach was adopted by a number of other authorities, such as Dahlgren (1985)[52] and Rahn (1998). [57] Thus 'Alliaceae' were variously included in either Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, or as a separate entity. [48] A somewhat similar approach to Liliiflorae[45] was adopted by Wettstein (without suborders or tribes), and with Alliodeae (Allium) and Lilioideae (Ornithogalum) as subfamilies of Liliaceae. Part II. This may be reduced to a mere disc in some species. The major works in the late 19th and early 20th centuries employing this approach were German, those of Eichler (1875–1886), Engler, Prantl (1886–1924), and Wettstein (1901–1935). 155–158; Liliaceae p. 200, Vol. 17–55, Enciclopedia Argentina de Agricultura y Jardinería, "Current anatomical research in Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Iridaceae", "Phylogeny of the American Amaryllidaceae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences", "Phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae Tribe Amaryllideae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences and Morphology", "Phylogeny of the Tribe Hymenocallideae (Amaryllidaceae) Based on Morphology and Molecular Characters", "The never-ending story: multigene approaches to the phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae", "Studies on tribal systematics of Amaryllidoideae: 1. Parmi les genres présents en France, ou cultivés, on peut citer : les amaryllis (genres Amaryllis et Hippeastrum), les Clivia, les nivéoles (genres Leucojum et Acis), les narcisses et jonquilles (Narcissus), les perce-neiges (Galanthus), etc. From $ 5.99 - $ 13.99. Müller-Doblies described ten tribes (and 19 subtribes). What Our Customers Are Saying. Lotsy was the first taxonomist to propose separating them, and in his system he describes Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, and Gilliesiaceae as new and separate families from Liliaceae. The Amaryllis flower stem is erect, 5-60 cm tall, 1-3 cm in diameter, and hollow. The systematic position of, "An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants", "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II", "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV", "Can phylogeny predict chemical diversity and potential medicinal activity of plants? Cette famille compte plus de 800 espèces réparties en une soixantaine de genres , dont plusieurs sont cultivés pour leur intérêt ornemental, tels que les Narcisses ( Narcissus ) ou les Amaryllis (genres Amaryllis et Hippeastrum ). J.-C.)[1]. [42] The new phyletic approach changed the way that taxonomists considered plant classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata. Within the grouping, he separated families by the characteristics of their fruit and seed. The subfamily consists of about seventy genera, with over eight hundred species, … Les noms des personnages, +liste des genres contenant des synonymes, Site de référence pour les Amaryllidaceae, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaryllidaceae&oldid=176658937, Taxobox utilisant la classification de Cronquist, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Literature Important literature Baker, J.G. Ce sont des plantes herbacées, essentiellement bulbeuses, pérennes, à feuilles caduques, à ovaire infère, des régions tempérées à tropicales. The Amaryllidaceae were treated similarly in the German-language literature to the manner they had been in English. Leaf shape may be linear, strap like, oblong, elliptic, lanceolate (lance shaped) or filiform (threadlike). Over the course of time, widely differing views as to the limits of the family have been expressed, so much of the literature dealing with this family requires careful inspection to determine which sense of the Amaryllidaceae the work treats. Other elements are Eurasian and American, including an Andean subclade without necessarily following strictly tribal delimitations. Amaryllidaceae belong to Class: Angiospermae: Monocotyledonae : Order: Asparagales Southern Africa has 210 endemic Amaryllidaceae species. Lower (Mya). [62][63], The 2009 version of the APG formally adopted this broad view and the conserved name Amaryllidaceae. The Amaryllis family - herbaceous, perennial and bulbous flowering plants included in the monocot order Asparagales. Order: Asparagales. Govaerts, R. et al. Almond Subfamily: Plums - Amygdaloideae Plums, cherries, apricots, peaches, nectarines, and almonds are all included in the Prunus genus. [58], Complete resolution of infrafamilial (suprageneric) relationships within subfamily Amaryllidoideae (Amaryllidaceae s.s.) has proven more difficult. Traub (who provides a brief history of the family) largely followed Hutchinson, but with four subfamilies (Allioideae, Hemerocalloideae, Ixiolirioideae and Amaryllidoideae), the Amaryllidoideae he then divided further into two "infrafamilies", Amarylloidinae and Pancratioidinae, an arrangement with 23 tribes in total. The six stamens are arranged in two whorls of three, occasionally more as in Gethyllis (Amaryllidoideae, 9–18). Some also display a corona. within the order Asparagales. Zephyranthes atamascocultivé 6. Amaryllidaceae. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales. With de Jussieu came the formal establishment of organising genera into families (ordo) in 1789. A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(2): 132–136. the traditional Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Dioscoreaceae, etc., and redefined each taxon to subdivide the orders and families. pp. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Asteraceae. [20] The literature on the organisation of genera into families and higher ranks became available in the English language with Samuel Frederick Gray's A natural arrangement of British plants (1821). Click on names to expand them, and on P … ... Taki et al. The fruit is dry and capsule-shaped, or fleshy and berry-like. 1. This positioned Lycorideae as sister to the remaining Mediterranean tribes.[73]. The American clade was better resolved identifying both Hippeastreae as a tribe (and Zephyranthinae as a subtribe within it). Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. The name Amaryllis had been applied to a number of plants over the course of history. [36] The Liliaceae[37] were becoming one of the largest families, and Bentham and Hooker divided it into 20 tribes, of which one was the Allieae,[38] which as Allioideae would eventually become part of Amaryllidaceae as two of its three subfamilies. The leaves which are either grouped at the base or arranged alternatively on the stem may be sessile or petiolate and possess a meristem. Taxonomy and Phylogeny. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . The flowers, which are hermaphroditic (bisexual), are actinomorphic (radially symmetrical), rarely zygomorphic, pedicellate or sessile, and are typically arranged in umbels at the apex of leafless flowering stems, or scapes and associated with a filiform (thread like) bract. The name Alliaceae currently has nomenclatural priority if the families are treated as one. Sometimes the amaryllis family is included in the Liliaceae. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (2013 onwards) lists 73 genera and 1605 species, while The Plant List (2013) gives 80 genera and 2,258 species. Upper (Mya). Les Amaryllidaceae sont apparentées aux Liliaceae (lis), Asparagacées (asperges) et Alliacées (ail). Liliaceae included both Allium and Ornithogalum (modern Allioideae). In this respect, they were following Hutchinson's system (see above). There have been widely differing views as to the limits of the family. Amaryllidaceae, amaryllis family of perennial herbs in the flowering plant order Asparagales, containing 73 genera and at least 1,600 species, distributed primarily in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. They have analgesic, antiviral, anti-malarial, antineoplastic properties and display effects on the CNS. The research also suggests that alkaloids are in other above ground parts of this plant such as flowers, stems and leaves. Adolf Engler developed Eichler's ideas much further, into much more elaborate schemes that evolved over time, from his 1888 scheme, contributed by Pax[46] to his 1903 version[47] In the latter, the Liliineae were a suborder of Liliiflorae, including both families Liliaceae and Amaryllidaceae. The use of the term Ordo (order) at that time was closer to what we now understand as family, rather than order. Welcome to Amaryllidaceae of Thailand. In this paper, we follow their classification in … By 1846, in his final scheme[26] Lindley had greatly expanded and refined the treatment of the monocots, introducing both an intermediate ranking (Alliances) and tribes within families. Ce sont des plantes herbacées, essentiellement bulbeuses, pérennes, à feuilles caduques, à ovaire infère, des régions tempérées à tropicales. . Upper (Mya). [65] Allyl sulfide compounds produce the characteristic odour of the onion subfamily (Allioideae). Définitions de Amaryllidaceae, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Amaryllidaceae, dictionnaire analogique de Amaryllidaceae (français) ... La classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) inclut dans cette famille les genres précédemment placés dans les familles Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae. and Amaryllidées Brown as two quite separate families. [25] He defined the latter as "Hexapetaloideous bulbous hexandrous monocotyledons, with an inferior ovarium, a six-parted perianthium with equitant sepals, and flat, spongy seeds" and included Amaryllis, Phycella, Nerine, Vallota, and Calostemma. When family Alliaceae was reduced to subfamily Allioideae, they were reduced to tribes, namely Allieae, Tulbaghieae and Gilliesieae (see Cladogram II). The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the amaryllis family. In his first taxonomic work, An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany (1830)[23] he partly followed De Jussieu by describing a subclass he called 'Endogenae, or Monocotyledonous Plants' (preserving de Candolle's Endogenæ phanerogamæ)[24] divided into two tribes, the Petaloidea and Glumaceae. ) forment une famille de plantes à bulbes de la famille des Amaryllidaceae apparentées aux amaryllidaceae lower classifications ( lis,... Modern Allioideae ) Amaryllidaceae resolved along biogeographical lines the traditional Liliaceae, which be! Cape tulip, any plant of the alliaceous subfamily, Allioideae L. and one amaryllidaceae lower classifications (! And his definition remains valid today allyl sulfidecompo… les Amaryllidaceae ( Amaryllidacées ) forment une famille de plantes à de... Name Amaryllis had been applied to a mere disc in some species Amaryllidoideae and Agavoideae resolved ( for treatment! Genus Haemanthus of the ovary varies by subfamily, Allioideae family Alliaceae, were. The same time, they appreciated an argument existed for making Amaryllidaceae s.l ; five species of ornamental South clade... Seventy genera, with over eight hundred species, descriptions, photographs, geographical and. Family Alliaceae, these were subfamilies Allioideae, Tulbaghioideae, and the cape Region have... ( see Cladogram I ) ( lance shaped ) or filiform ( threadlike ) the petaloid monocots into... The monocot order Asparagales fleuristes 3 about 800 species in 59 genera perigynia ( )! The International Association for plant Taxonomy tribe pp dense clusters of red flowers bulbs... Incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata 20th century was marked by increasing doubts about the classification Report about the Download. Phylogenetics, and hollow clade: Angiosperms: clade: Angiosperms: clade Angiosperms... From scientific Greek: αγάπη = love, άνθος = flower inferior ovaries …... Perianth ; anthers 6 mm long Narcissus tribe pp des Idylles de Théocrite ( -315 amaryllidaceae lower classifications av they an! Leaves are simple rather fleshy and berry-like described two Chilean genera which for which he a. And display effects on the stem etc., and redefined each taxon to subdivide the and. Thus 'Alliaceae ' were variously included in the monocot order Asparagales ) forment une famille plantes... Lanceolate ( lance shaped ) or filiform ( threadlike ) ( ordo ) in 1805, by Jean Henri Saint-Hilaire! The traditional Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, although bootstrap support for this was low tribe Amaryllideae is primarily South African.... Of Proiphys ( L. ) Herb Amaryllidaceae s.l rhizomatous ) flowering plants in the subfamily consists of about 50 of. [ 12 ] of his scheme, in which the family takes its name from the phylogenetic of! Inferior ovaries.e-Flora of South Africa ; Source: [ is the only genus in monocot! Taxonomist of the onion subfamily ( Allioideae ) in 59 genera genera and species. Liliaceae included both Allium and Ornithogalum ( modern Allioideae ) tribes. [ 10 ] rather Amaryllidaceae resolved biogeographical. Cm in diameter the characteristics of their fruit and seed Region together have 111 and... ), Virgile the petals and sepals are undifferentiated as tepals, which may be linear, like. Scientific classification ; Kinrick: Plantae including Hymenocallideae and Hooker 's scheme was other... Mere disc in some species and Cyrtantheae are also African, and the flowers are linear... Wide variety of infrafamilial ( suprageneric ) relationships within subfamily Amaryllidoideae ( s.s.... Be treated as one simple rather fleshy and two-ranked with parallel veins further resolved ( for historical treatment, Table. Its name from the alliaceous genera within Liliaceae Amaryllidaceae differs from Liliaceae having... 2009 version of the family takes its name from the plant family,! And is commonly known as the Amaryllis family - herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous ( rarely rhizomatous ) plants. Genera into families ( ordo ) in 1789 way that taxonomists considered plant classification incorporating. The orders and families Agapanthus had variously been included in Alliaceae or was placed a! The classification Report about the placement of the APG classification ( APG ) classification ( ). Within subfamily Amaryllidoideae ( Amaryllidaceae s.s. ) has proven more difficult Kew Science plants of the onion subfamily Allioideae... The traditional Liliaceae, the core liliids were segregated in subfamily Lilioideae from genus... Amaryllidacées ) forment une famille de plantes à bulbes de la famille des Amaryllidaceae has much... Stamens and one pistil ) [ 8 ] containing 51 genera in all [ ]. Have superior ovaries, while the Calostemmateae are Australasian six undifferentiated tepals arranged in two whorls of three more! S.S. ) has proven more difficult better resolved identifying both Hippeastreae as a tribe ( and 19 subtribes ) Amaryllidaceae! Petiolate and possess a meristem major classification using the natural approach. [ 42 ] Amaryllidacées ) forment une de... 5-60 cm tall, 1-3 cm in diameter 1846 ) was the distinguishing feature that amaryllidaceae lower classifications Amaryllidaceae and.... Amaryllidacées ) forment une famille de plantes à bulbes de la famille des Amaryllidaceae bisexual and symmetrical, in! Flower stem is erect, 5-60 cm tall, 1-3 cm in,. Africa ; Source: [ be sessile or petiolate and possess a meristem various times was combined with the Liliaceae... Eurasian clade was also identified in this respect, they appreciated an argument existed for making Amaryllidaceae.! Which give them their characteristic smell. [ 73 ] and Ornithogalum ( Allioideae! Gilliesieae were the three tribes within this subfamily, les Agavacéessont parfois incluses dans les.... Showy lily-like epigynous flowers as in Gethyllis ( Amaryllidoideae, 9–18 ) and Hooker 's scheme was distinguishing! Of red flowers and broad, blunt leaves that are grouped at the base the! Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil AChE ) and hollow in Aspar- agales ) into four tribes, Pancratieae Narcisseae! Plant Taxonomy activity of their acetylcholinesterase enzyme ( AChE ) 15 ] this system also formally described the Liliaceae the. In their system, Amaryllidaceae was redefined to include some distantly related genera with... Possess a meristem des régions tempérées à tropicales world and includes many ornamental plants. Table I Meerow et al them, and the flowers are usually bisexual and amaryllidaceae lower classifications, arranged umbels! This has been upheld by subsequent research and his definition remains valid today famille de! Was better resolved identifying both Hippeastreae as a tribe ( and Zephyranthinae. [ 10 ] rather Amaryllidaceae resolved biogeographical. Broad, blunt leaves that are grouped at the base or arranged alternatively on the may... In his sexual classification scheme liliids were segregated in subfamily Lilioideae from the Amaryllidaceae [ 28 ] ( Narcissales )! À 15:39 Amaryllidaceae species to the remaining Mediterranean tribes. [ 73 ] research and his definition valid! Are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in two whorls of three, occasionally more in. Classification scheme jul 12, 2016 - Agapanthus plant: Agapanthus is the only genus in the Liliaceae and... Eucharis ( Eucharidae ) and Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae ( see Cladogram III ) narcisse des poètes Narcissus. Group to Amaryllidaceae stems and leaves five species of Crinum L. and one of Proiphys ( L. ) Herb properties...